In an online server, Hunting animals is not a reliable food source because of the following reasons:

  1. Effective hunting of animals requires ammunition, killing them may take several shots and animals tend to move a lot when getting shot at. In an online server, ammunition is typically limited and difficult to come by when there are other players looking for them.
  2. Animal spawn points may be located near Survivor Group Bases. Some player groups tend to build their base near or at animal spawn points due to the potential food supply and flat open area. When the base inhabitants see you hunting an animal or hear your gunshots, they won’t think twice about shooting you and looting your corpse.
  3. It may take a while to track down an animal which has run away from you. If you can, try to chase it as long as possible. Take note that animals can't run forever and stop after a few seconds.

In single-player, hunting animals is not a bad option and some quests require ingredients from animals.

Useful weapons and tactics:

  • Rifles – Bolt-action rifles are often some of the earliest weapons players stumble across. They deal enough damage to take out animals in one headshot, but their effectiveness depends heavily on the user.
  • Bows and CrossbowsAmmo can be crafted with nails and sticks, deal enough damage for single-shot headshot kills. Drawbacks include: slow rate of fire, ammo requires large amounts of space. Interestingly, even though bow weapons are silent nearby animals still flee when an animal in their close vicinity is killed.
  • Vehicles — Can one-hit kill any animal, but can be difficult to use. Make you a large potential target for greedy players, and are of limited use in wooded areas.
  • Shotguns – Shotguns are almost always a guaranteed single-shot kill even with body shots, but require the user to get close to the prey. Shotguns are very loud, making their use on populated servers risky. Secondary-sized shotguns make for good back-up weapons when hunting bears, wolves or other aggressive animals.
  • Sneak attacks with melee weapons — If the player has invested in melee and stealth skills, you can rather easily sneak up on passive animals and kill them with one power attack to the head, provided that you have a decent melee weapon and/or sufficient perk investment.

Tips & Tricks for Hunting:

Find an area in which animals spawn:

Optionally, you can place traps or obstacles around the animal spawns, although placing too many buildables will reduce the spawn chance of the animals. This means that fleeing animals may run over the trap, aiding in hunting groups of animals. Another possibility is to get the animals to run into corners, making them easy pickings.

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